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March 17, 2009, at 11:32 AM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-5 from:

<<<<<<< Boom boom!, and


Shoooot., and >>>>>>>

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
March 17, 2009, at 10:20 AM by Xduifrpq - IGHPPtpfTIwyP
Changed lines 1-5 from:

Shoooot., and

to:

<<<<<<< Boom boom!, and


Shoooot., and >>>>>>>

March 17, 2009, at 10:20 AM by Osurueji - IGHPPtpfTIwyP
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

Shoooot., and

March 07, 2009, at 05:27 PM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Holly…, http://www.widgetbox.com/user/freestockingmfu free stocking movies, czyc, http://www.widgetbox.com/user/tilatequilagamn tila tequila gallery, >:-OOO, http://www.widgetbox.com/user/toiletslavevicf toilet slave video, 0347, http://www.widgetbox.com/user/beyoncesextapuv beyonce sex tape, fgrc, http://www.widgetbox.com/user/colonoscopyvidyg colonoscopy video, 4355, http://www.widgetbox.com/user/freehomemadesmt free homemade sex tapes, xnzhkl,

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
March 07, 2009, at 05:07 PM by Kwdgnlfe - gTzbDOqKfCXSTUKNoy
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

Holly…, http://www.widgetbox.com/user/freestockingmfu free stocking movies, czyc, http://www.widgetbox.com/user/tilatequilagamn tila tequila gallery, >:-OOO, http://www.widgetbox.com/user/toiletslavevicf toilet slave video, 0347, http://www.widgetbox.com/user/beyoncesextapuv beyonce sex tape, fgrc, http://www.widgetbox.com/user/colonoscopyvidyg colonoscopy video, 4355, http://www.widgetbox.com/user/freehomemadesmt free homemade sex tapes, xnzhkl,

March 01, 2009, at 12:16 AM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Hehe.,

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
March 01, 2009, at 12:07 AM by Enyeiqxh - tBOxkacpQuIvaamFB
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

Hehe.,

February 28, 2009, at 11:31 PM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Extra.,

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
February 28, 2009, at 11:28 PM by Jgqavqaj - VWGzPCMJvNXHR
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

Extra.,

February 28, 2009, at 10:48 PM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Boom boom!,

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
February 28, 2009, at 10:45 PM by Abtwggww - ZuJvhdPAuESC
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

Boom boom!,

February 28, 2009, at 08:48 PM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

New.,

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
February 28, 2009, at 08:38 PM by Irhkscph - rlTtjzwqUm
Changed line 1 from:

crazy stuff.,

to:

New.,

February 28, 2009, at 08:02 PM by Ahwlhuye - QfuQTMdFQlgOWv
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

crazy stuff.,

February 28, 2009, at 07:33 PM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Hehe.,

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
February 28, 2009, at 07:23 PM by Fpghbwuq - conSayhbERvHa
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

Hehe.,

February 10, 2009, at 06:56 AM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

New:),

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
February 10, 2009, at 05:36 AM by Zpwamvcp - vheShbgmxLcUy
Changed line 1 from:

Extra.,

to:

New:),

February 10, 2009, at 04:49 AM by Bxkjxgyk - gFFowzVVnhAeNLMIEJ
Changed line 1 from:

Noprob!,

to:

Extra.,

February 10, 2009, at 04:03 AM by Uqzbgmgr - udMQrxdDFF
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

Noprob!,

January 28, 2009, at 08:59 AM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

New., http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-NUDE-PHOTO-6 adrienne bailon nude photo, >:O, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-NAKED-PHOTOS-53 adrienne bailon naked photos, %(((, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-LEAKED-PHOTOS-32 adrienne bailon leaked photos, kbjq, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-EMAIL-ADDRESS-45 adrienne bailon email address, >:-[[, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-XXX-7 adrienne bailon xxx, zysw, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=DOES-ADRIENNE-BAILON-HAVE-A-BOYFRIEND-0 does adrienne bailon have a boyfriend, npsc, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=CHEETAH-GIRL-ADRIENNE-BAILON-NUDE-28 cheetah girl adrienne bailon nude, %-P, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BALION-32 adrienne balion, 60971, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILLON-94 adrienne baillon, :-OOO, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-LEAKED-NUDE-PICS-31 adrienne bailon leaked nude pics, uyrhxc, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=HOW-TO-CONTACT-ADRIENNE-BAILON-47 how to contact adrienne bailon, 8-[[[, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=SEE-RACY-PICTURES-OF-ADRIENNE-BAILON-57 see racy pictures of adrienne bailon, 1960, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-PICTURE-18 adrienne bailon picture, >:-), http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=NUDE-PICTURES-OF-ADRIENNE-BAILON-22 nude pictures of adrienne bailon, 819100,

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
January 28, 2009, at 08:32 AM by Ltjcmlnv - VHfTBkZNyHREqizJpI
Changed line 1 from:

Yess., http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=NUDE-ADRIENNE-BAILON-43 nude adrienne bailon, =(((, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-GALLERY-93 adrienne bailon gallery, =[[[, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-ASS-86 adrienne bailon ass, :-[[, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-NUDE-PICS-26 adrienne bailon nude pics, :-)), http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-NAKED-PHOTOS-UNCENSORED-64 adrienne bailon naked photos uncensored, 776955, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-BORN-95 adrienne bailon born, bdqjy, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-SCANDAL-30 adrienne bailon scandal, 7282, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-NUDE-3 adrienne bailon nude, =-O, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=SEE-RACY-PICTURES-OF-ADRIENNE-BAILON-57 see racy pictures of adrienne bailon, wjbosv, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-PIC-14 adrienne bailon pic, kkzfwu, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-PHOTO-SCANDAL-97 adrienne bailon photo scandal, >:-))), http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-PHOTOS-70 adrienne bailon photos, 052043,

to:

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January 28, 2009, at 07:42 AM by Ktzjehux - CrvyGJhAjcAsxjn
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

Yess., http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=NUDE-ADRIENNE-BAILON-43 nude adrienne bailon, =(((, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-GALLERY-93 adrienne bailon gallery, =[[[, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-ASS-86 adrienne bailon ass, :-[[, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-NUDE-PICS-26 adrienne bailon nude pics, :-)), http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-NAKED-PHOTOS-UNCENSORED-64 adrienne bailon naked photos uncensored, 776955, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-BORN-95 adrienne bailon born, bdqjy, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-SCANDAL-30 adrienne bailon scandal, 7282, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-NUDE-3 adrienne bailon nude, =-O, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=SEE-RACY-PICTURES-OF-ADRIENNE-BAILON-57 see racy pictures of adrienne bailon, wjbosv, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-PIC-14 adrienne bailon pic, kkzfwu, http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-PHOTO-SCANDAL-97 adrienne bailon photo scandal, >:-))), http://www.census.gov/cgi-bin/main/goodbye.pl?HTTP://fevertube.com/index.php?q=ADRIENNE-BAILON-PHOTOS-70 adrienne bailon photos, 052043,

January 12, 2009, at 03:02 PM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Google initially offered its , http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/2009/01/lindsay-lohan-denies-rumors-of-break-up.html is omarion and lindsay lohan dating, :], http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/2009/01/lindsay-lohan-and-fat-clothes.html lindsay lohan video, 89453, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/ lindsay lohan sucking dick, 96855, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/2009/01/lindsay-lohan-denies-rumors-of-break-up.html lindsey lohan sex tape, 2406, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/ lindsey lohan sex tape, qbbu, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/2009/01/lindsay-lohan-and-fat-clothes.html lindsay lohan at the beach, >:-PP, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/2009/01/lindsay-lohan-and-fat-clothes.html lindsey lohan oops, =))), http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/search/label/lindsay%20lohan lindsay lohan giving blowjob, htnq, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/search/label/lindsay%20lohan lindsay lohan sex tapes, qtadqy, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/search/label/lindsay%20lohan lindsay lohan nipple slip, =-)), http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/2009/01/lindsay-lohan-and-fat-clothes.html linsay lohan sex, 3741, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/2009/01/lindsay-lohan-and-fat-clothes.html naked pics of lindsay lohan, :OOO, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/ lindsay lohan panties, pnqte, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/search/label/lindsay%20lohan lindsay lohan sex, mhhx,

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
January 12, 2009, at 02:36 PM by Rgkobxwd - DsfhBDuwB
Changed line 1 from:

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to:

Google initially offered its , http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/2009/01/lindsay-lohan-denies-rumors-of-break-up.html is omarion and lindsay lohan dating, :], http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/2009/01/lindsay-lohan-and-fat-clothes.html lindsay lohan video, 89453, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/ lindsay lohan sucking dick, 96855, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/2009/01/lindsay-lohan-denies-rumors-of-break-up.html lindsey lohan sex tape, 2406, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/ lindsey lohan sex tape, qbbu, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/2009/01/lindsay-lohan-and-fat-clothes.html lindsay lohan at the beach, >:-PP, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/2009/01/lindsay-lohan-and-fat-clothes.html lindsey lohan oops, =))), http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/search/label/lindsay%20lohan lindsay lohan giving blowjob, htnq, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/search/label/lindsay%20lohan lindsay lohan sex tapes, qtadqy, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/search/label/lindsay%20lohan lindsay lohan nipple slip, =-)), http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/2009/01/lindsay-lohan-and-fat-clothes.html linsay lohan sex, 3741, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/2009/01/lindsay-lohan-and-fat-clothes.html naked pics of lindsay lohan, :OOO, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/ lindsay lohan panties, pnqte, http://lindsaygoogle.blogspot.com/search/label/lindsay%20lohan lindsay lohan sex, mhhx,

January 12, 2009, at 01:52 PM by Btfjntlj - CdYHhAVXzQ
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

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January 11, 2009, at 06:44 PM by pogge - spam
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to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
January 11, 2009, at 06:35 PM by Qxikgsjs - LuBTXoghrVojOVSF
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

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January 08, 2009, at 12:11 PM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

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to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
January 08, 2009, at 12:01 PM by Imthiqeh - EXbuBpdZCXdDjXXdHKu
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

In Wisconsin, more than 8 in, http://mileybuzz.blogspot.com/?miley-cyrus-topless miley cyrus xxx, nrh, http://mileybuzz.blogspot.com/search?updated-min=2009-01-01T00%3A00%3A00-08%3A00&updated-max=2010-01-01T00%3A00%3A00-08%3A00&max-results=1 mile cyrus, 2673, http://mileybuzz.blogspot.com/?miley-cirus miley cyrus racy, :-]]], http://mileybuzz.blogspot.com/2009/01/miley-cyrus-extra-nude-and-naked-pics.html miley syrus, >:)), http://mileybuzz.blogspot.com/?miley-cyrus-sex miley cyrus games, =(, http://mileybuzz.blogspot.com/ miley cyrus 7 things, :-((, http://mileybuzz.blogspot.com/?miley-cyrus-sex miley cyrus, ktz, http://mileybuzz.blogspot.com/ where does miley cyrus live, zta,

January 07, 2009, at 04:01 PM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

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to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
January 07, 2009, at 03:55 PM by Thkcdoxz - OAgcnqaRWv
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

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December 29, 2008, at 05:28 PM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo. — Disgraced evangelical leader Ted Haggard says in a new documentary that he still struggles with his sexuality yet is committed to his marriage for the sake of his children., http://www.kaboodle.com/AdriannaLimaSexTape adrianna lima sex tape, :-DDD, http://www.scarleteen.com/user/trinasextape trina sex tape, 552, http://www.kaboodle.com/FreeCelebritySexTape free celebrity sex tapes, 8-]], http://www.scarleteen.com/user/hotsextape hot sex tape, >:, http://www.kaboodle.com/CelebertySexTapes celeberty sex tapes, 699252, http://www.kaboodle.com/JenniferToasteeToofS jennifer toastee toof sex tape, wqxzra,

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
December 29, 2008, at 05:01 PM by Dbholkgb - zbNGCXFMtvFQRhKoPnW
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

COLORADO SPRINGS, Colo. — Disgraced evangelical leader Ted Haggard says in a new documentary that he still struggles with his sexuality yet is committed to his marriage for the sake of his children., http://www.kaboodle.com/AdriannaLimaSexTape adrianna lima sex tape, :-DDD, http://www.scarleteen.com/user/trinasextape trina sex tape, 552, http://www.kaboodle.com/FreeCelebritySexTape free celebrity sex tapes, 8-]], http://www.scarleteen.com/user/hotsextape hot sex tape, >:, http://www.kaboodle.com/CelebertySexTapes celeberty sex tapes, 699252, http://www.kaboodle.com/JenniferToasteeToofS jennifer toastee toof sex tape, wqxzra,

December 18, 2008, at 08:55 PM by pogge - spam
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to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
December 18, 2008, at 07:17 PM by Kbduxoxz - hJtqNnUrePe
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ed Tuesday., http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10262 kim kardashian free tape, >:(((, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10243 mimi macpherson sex tape, ihw, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10260 tied up in tape, 383792, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10233 the rosary tapes, 615168, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10232 how to tape an ankle, 30026, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10265 duct tape mouth, :-], http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10249 bucky sex tape, pylpq, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10242 buffie the body sex tape, qju, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10283 itv im a celebrity get me out of here, wzqk, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10255 school fights caught on tape, dyco,

to:

Energy prices declined by a seasonally adjusted 17%, the most since February 1957. , http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10243 mimi macpherson sex tape, 8803, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10254 jeremy jackson sex tape, 43647, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10260 tied up in tape, 2555, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10285 celebrities who suffer from a mental illness, 01576, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10265 duct tape mouth, 1894, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10247 history of the cassette tape, 9369, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10245 emma watson sex tape, 095732, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10275 acs checkpoint, 439417, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10263 suicide caught on tape, vwixz, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10255 school fights caught on tape, 09293, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10241 toastie sex tape, 8[[,

December 18, 2008, at 05:51 PM by Bkezjomy - WbyUEhMccO
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

ed Tuesday., http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10262 kim kardashian free tape, >:(((, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10243 mimi macpherson sex tape, ihw, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10260 tied up in tape, 383792, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10233 the rosary tapes, 615168, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10232 how to tape an ankle, 30026, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10265 duct tape mouth, :-], http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10249 bucky sex tape, pylpq, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10242 buffie the body sex tape, qju, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10283 itv im a celebrity get me out of here, wzqk, http://www.imnotobsessed.com/user/10255 school fights caught on tape, dyco,

November 20, 2008, at 10:28 AM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Cool! Yeah.,

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
November 20, 2008, at 10:26 AM by Utdrsdtn - fuRLzMTEveg
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

Cool! Yeah.,

November 06, 2008, at 04:58 AM by Bronco Bill - Spam Patrol
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Gz7Hf7 doors22.txt;5;5

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
November 06, 2008, at 04:21 AM by jkmOmeSrcGlmGfOi - DIzmwQhqnWdXuYkibEJ
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

Gz7Hf7 doors22.txt;5;5

November 03, 2008, at 07:12 AM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Hey! Great Stuff!,

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
November 03, 2008, at 06:07 AM by Upfqwomb - lacjFfFxGWspJbj
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

Hey! Great Stuff!,

November 02, 2008, at 08:08 PM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Cool!,

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
November 02, 2008, at 08:02 PM by Mezyfrkl - UZyimwzSqZ
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

Cool!,

November 02, 2008, at 06:18 PM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-5 from:

<<<<<<< Cheers! let me post some links here.,


Hey! Great Website!, >>>>>>>

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
November 02, 2008, at 06:09 PM by Yboegdmg - LEagmzqculgrDf
Changed lines 1-5 from:

Hey! Great Website!,

to:

<<<<<<< Cheers! let me post some links here.,


Hey! Great Website!, >>>>>>>

November 02, 2008, at 06:08 PM by Ucfcvbmw - LEagmzqculgrDf
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

Hey! Great Website!,

October 25, 2008, at 10:52 AM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-5 from:

<<<<<<< Hey! Great Site!,


Hey! Great Stuff!, >>>>>>>

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
October 25, 2008, at 10:50 AM by Sxhozpoc - EbajjeqgbSUpd
Changed lines 1-5 from:

Hey! Great Stuff!,

to:

<<<<<<< Hey! Great Site!,


Hey! Great Stuff!, >>>>>>>

October 25, 2008, at 10:50 AM by Lgabgtjd - EbajjeqgbSUpd
Changed lines 1-5 from:

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to:

Hey! Great Stuff!,

October 25, 2008, at 09:42 AM by Yecfbljc - nUdXncNzxqVVq
Changed lines 1-5 from:

Hey! Great Site!,

to:

<<<<<<< Cheers! let me post some links here.,


Hey! Great Site!, >>>>>>>

October 25, 2008, at 09:42 AM by Ylpzcjsl - nUdXncNzxqVVq
Changed lines 1-5 from:

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to:

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October 25, 2008, at 09:08 AM by Mtwsudrj - hyaNUzHAfnMrh
Changed lines 1-5 from:

Hey! Great Website!,

to:

<<<<<<< Cool!,


Hey! Great Website!, >>>>>>>

October 25, 2008, at 09:08 AM by Yuoqwqdh - hyaNUzHAfnMrh
Changed lines 1-5 from:

<<<<<<< Cheers! let me post some links here.,


Hey! Great Website!, >>>>>>>

to:

Hey! Great Website!,

October 25, 2008, at 08:34 AM by Upodwgqx - bdFhdazwCgqNPHlzyBi
Changed lines 1-5 from:

Hey! Great Website!,

to:

<<<<<<< Cheers! let me post some links here.,


Hey! Great Website!, >>>>>>>

October 25, 2008, at 08:33 AM by Uinautul - bdFhdazwCgqNPHlzyBi
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

Hey! Great Website!,

October 16, 2008, at 02:44 PM by Bronco Bill - Spam Patrol
Changed lines 1-2 from:

Hey check this out! http://sexsummer.byethost10.com Sex summer - Watch Celeb Sex Tapes & Nude Celebrity Video Clips Online For Free

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
October 16, 2008, at 12:44 PM by saychooo - goXyWdEvyyzBIdIN
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

Hey check this out! http://sexsummer.byethost10.com Sex summer - Watch Celeb Sex Tapes & Nude Celebrity Video Clips Online For Free

October 10, 2008, at 12:10 PM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-5 from:

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to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
October 10, 2008, at 12:03 PM by rererter - lHyFnKhl
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

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to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
October 05, 2008, at 04:36 PM by Ucifxnwd - VMOUAhGc
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

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October 05, 2008, at 08:40 AM by Bronco Bill - Spam Patrol
Changed lines 1-99 from:

gElZe4 comment2,

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
October 05, 2008, at 07:06 AM by Gduhyngx - EMiRUqfyaUARMFkkp
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

gElZe4 comment2,

October 03, 2008, at 11:25 AM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-3 from:

http://www.nj.com/forums/profile.ssf?nickname=tila123 tila tequila naked

http://www.nj.com/forums/profile.ssf?nickname=tila123 tila tequila nude

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
October 03, 2008, at 11:15 AM by alexetty11 - ZwLWBamkEomFoAxRNJz
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

http://www.nj.com/forums/profile.ssf?nickname=tila123 tila tequila naked

http://www.nj.com/forums/profile.ssf?nickname=tila123 tila tequila nude

September 19, 2008, at 10:17 AM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-99 from:

KnQ7y4 <a href=“http://zvpzeuajwbid.com/”>zvpzeuajwbid</a>, [url=http://frqwthlbkglj.com/]frqwthlbkglj[/url], [link=http://ajxuqmewzacp.com/]ajxuqmewzacp[/link], http://whktgguhmcjv.com/

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
September 19, 2008, at 07:18 AM by lhsbbgq - RFbKddRUaPBMYxxNGV
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

KnQ7y4 <a href=“http://zvpzeuajwbid.com/”>zvpzeuajwbid</a>, [url=http://frqwthlbkglj.com/]frqwthlbkglj[/url], [link=http://ajxuqmewzacp.com/]ajxuqmewzacp[/link], http://whktgguhmcjv.com/

September 15, 2008, at 10:45 AM by pogge - spam
Changed lines 1-3 from:

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to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
September 15, 2008, at 06:43 AM by alexetty2 - EAtzraxUxClLC
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

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Changed lines 1-10 from:

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to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
September 10, 2008, at 01:30 PM by derrykk2 - ABKivELlaDGovDJraGt
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

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to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
September 10, 2008, at 01:19 PM by derrykk2 - cijIKVQuZpanrVgcMh
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

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September 10, 2008, at 07:49 AM by Bronco Bill - Spam Patrol
Changed lines 1-99 from:

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to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
September 10, 2008, at 06:56 AM by kvigwe - iDEIIWGvGHxBc
Changed lines 1-99 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

See also Colleges

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

Funding for prep efforts:

“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link

School closure

Tabletop exercise
Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.
Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

News stories:

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
to:

ui4fPi <a href=“http://agdxcnnnnbnr.com/”>agdxcnnnnbnr</a>, [url=http://lwqgdnclpyhd.com/]lwqgdnclpyhd[/url], [link=http://dhzemoowlloi.com/]dhzemoowlloi[/link], http://ctatuzftzdhx.com/

March 05, 2008, at 06:22 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Changed line 10 from:
  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of education
to:
  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of Education
Changed lines 20-21 from:
  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health
to:
  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health
March 05, 2008, at 06:21 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Added line 10:
  • Pan Flu Guidance; Revised Nov. 21, 2007 US Department of education
Added lines 19-21:

School Closing Authority

  • Assessment of School Closure Laws in Response to Pandemic Flu from Center for Law snd the Public’s Health
June 01, 2007, at 12:24 AM by Connie Harden - I corrected the spelling of my last name.
Changed lines 19-20 from:

Connie Hardin is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

to:

Connie Harden is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

May 31, 2007, at 07:02 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Changed lines 18-19 from:
to:

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness?

Connie Hardin is a nationally known HR consultant who wrote a chapter by that title for an upcoming book. The publisher, Thompson Publishing Group, has consented to its posting. It will be included as Chapter One in a book on various challenges facing schools at the K-12 level, to be published in the next month or so.

What Do You Tell Your School Board When It Asks About Avian Flu Readiness? The 22 page .pdf can be downloaded here.

We are very grateful to both the author and the publisher for graciously allowing us to post this text in the interests of furthering preparedness.

April 10, 2007, at 09:37 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Changed lines 72-74 from:

Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit

to:

Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit
Pandemic Influenza Preparedness for Schools from California Distance Learning Health Network
Satellite Broadcast • Tabletop Exercise • Online Toolkit
Launches: May 17, 2007 • Live Broadcast: 9:00–10:30 a.m. PT • Tabletop exercise to follow

April 10, 2007, at 09:34 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Changed line 27 from:

Tabletop exercise

to:

Tabletop exercise\\

April 10, 2007, at 09:34 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Added lines 27-29:

Tabletop exercise Pandemic Influenza Tabletop Exercise: K-12 School Closure as a Disease Containment Measure from Minnesota Department of Health

January 23, 2007, at 09:21 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Added lines 7-8:

See also Colleges

December 23, 2006, at 07:28 PM by DemFromCT - edit
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Deleted line 74:
Deleted line 76:
December 23, 2006, at 07:27 PM by DemFromCT - edit
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Schools

to:
December 23, 2006, at 07:27 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Added lines 3-4:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

Changed lines 9-12 from:

Associations, US Government Departments

  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education\\
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
    *School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov\\
to:

Associations and US Government Departments

  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
  • School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
Added line 19:
Changed lines 63-64 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

to:
December 23, 2006, at 07:25 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Changed lines 3-8 from:

Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education

Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)

School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov

to:

Associations, US Government Departments

  • Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education\\
  • Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)
    *School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov
    *US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association

Changed lines 21-23 from:
to:

School closure

Changed lines 57-62 from:

Associations

  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association
to:
Changed line 61 from:
to:

Changed line 64 from:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit

to:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit\\

Changed line 66 from:
to:

December 23, 2006, at 07:19 PM by DemFromCT - edit
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to:

Contra Costa, CA Pandemic Planning Kit

December 23, 2006, at 07:15 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Deleted line 62:
Deleted line 65:
Deleted line 68:
December 23, 2006, at 07:14 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Changed lines 60-61 from:
News stories
to:

News stories:

December 23, 2006, at 07:14 PM by DemFromCT - add
Changed lines 58-73 from:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit

to:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit

News stories

Taunton, MA

If an influenza outbreak occurs, the school - one of the district’s largest - will be used as a makeshift hospital.

40,000 Marin Schoolkids Get Bird Flu Warning

Health officials recently sent 40,000 fliers home with Marin County schoolchildren warning parents to prepare for a possible bird flu pandemic in California.

NY School district seeks flu plan

The Horseheads Central School District is taking steps to prepare for an outbreak of flu — anything from a local epidemic to a national or even global pandemic.
December 18, 2006, at 04:45 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Added lines 31-34:

Note: the IOM report does not conclude that there is definitive scientific or historical evidence. Models reviewed have mixed results:

Conclusion 5: In summary, the evidence suggests a role for community restrictions in reducing pandemic influenza virus transmission. The evidence does not allow for differentiating possible effects of specific types of community restrictions, nor does it allow differentiation between voluntary versus mandatory community restrictions. In general, evidence from modeling and from historical analyses confirm what is known for any infectious disease outbreak, that is, early intervention shows more promise than later intervention. The main effect might be to slow the time to peak of the outbreak in a community, which could be important for hospital-based management of ill patients and to allow for delivery of vaccine if available.
December 18, 2006, at 04:39 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Changed lines 11-12 from:
To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds. link
to:
“To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.” -Margaret Spellings, Michael O. Leavitt link
December 06, 2006, at 06:46 AM by DemFromCT - edit
Changed lines 11-14 from:
To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.

link

to:
To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds. link
December 06, 2006, at 06:46 AM by DemFromCT - edit
Added lines 9-14:

Funding for prep efforts:

To assist in your efforts, we have also made a determination that funds from Title IV, Part A, the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act State Grants program, may be utilized for general pandemic influenza planning activities. Please review the program guidance, which is available at http://www.ed.gov/programs/dvpformula/legislation.html, for additional information about administering these funds.

link

December 05, 2006, at 12:36 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Changed lines 46-47 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

December 05, 2006, at 12:34 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Changed line 38 from:

Associatons

to:

Associations

December 02, 2006, at 12:18 PM by DemFromCT - edit format
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1!!!!Specific school systems and planning tools:

to:

Specific school systems and planning tools:

December 02, 2006, at 12:18 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Changed lines 48-49 from:

Specific school systems and planning tools:

to:

1!!!!Specific school systems and planning tools:

December 02, 2006, at 12:17 PM by DemFromCT - edit
Changed lines 46-50 from:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

to:

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

Specific school systems and planning tools:

Orange County, CA Pandemic Planning Kit

November 20, 2006, at 05:36 AM by fredness - added evidence to support school closure
Deleted lines 8-14:

Associatons

  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association
Changed lines 12-19 from:

Evidence presented at IOM meeting: \\

to:

Evidence to Support School Closure

  • Children are thought to be the main introducers of influenza into households.
  • Children appear to be more susceptible to influenza and more infectious than adults in well-designed prospective studies of risk factors of influenza transmission in households.
  • Nationwide school closure in Israel during an influenza epidemic resulted in significant decreases in the diagnoses of respiratory infections (42%), visits to physicians (28%) and emergency departments (28%), and medication purchases (35%).
Non-pharmaceutical Strategies to Limit Spread of Pandemic Influenza
Martin Cetron, MD, Director, Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 40 page presentation pdf

Evidence presented at IOM meeting: \\

Changed lines 38-39 from:
to:

Associatons

  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association
November 03, 2006, at 09:39 AM by fredness - formatting
Changed lines 19-26 from:

Evidence presented at IOM meeting: 1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect 2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data 3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work 4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further 5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important 6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable

to:

Evidence presented at IOM meeting:
1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect.
2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data.
3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work.
4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further.
5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important.
6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable.

Changed lines 29-34 from:

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children 2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households 3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission 4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission 5- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions

to:

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children.
2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households.
3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission.
4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission.
5- further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission.
6- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions.

November 03, 2006, at 09:36 AM by fredness - added link to Homeschool page. Added some text from Case for Early School Closure
Changed lines 16-40 from:
to:

Case for early school closure: Children will play a major role in transmission of infection as their illness rates are likely to be higher, they shed more virus over a longer period of time, and they control their secretions less well.

Evidence presented at IOM meeting: 1- Early interventions– before 3% cumulative infection, shown to have substantial effect 2- Early school closure consistently related to reduction of epidemic peak, both from modelling and from 1918 data 3- Closure of churches, theatres, and other ‘social distancing’ measures also work 4- Multiple early interventions increase benefit further 5- Social cohesion, local leadership, and trust in government important 6- Measures not found to provide benefit – quarantine, banning of public funerals, making influenza notifiable

Basis for Targeted Layered Containment

1- at least 1/3 of all flu transmissions will be due to children 2- closing schools early will reduce the attack rate (AR) for children and decrease overall number of cases, but will increase transmission in community and in households 3- keeping kids at home will reduce community transmission but increase the relative importance of workplace transmission 4- household quarantine ie keeping sick people and their family at home, especially with antivirals, will reduce overall transmission further but increase the relative importance of workplace and community transmission 5- promoting social distancing will result in further reductions

Once deaths occur, parents will take their kids out of school. Unplanned school closures will not happen early enough to reduce mortality, but resulting chaos and mistrust will reduce compliance for further interventions and damage social stability. Losing children is recognized as severest trauma by psychologists.

see also Homeschool

November 03, 2006, at 09:10 AM by fredness - oops, one more thing
Changed lines 7-9 from:

School Planning and checklists on US [[http://www.pandemicflu.gov | Pandemicflu.gov

to:

School Planning and checklists on US Pandemicflu.gov

November 03, 2006, at 09:10 AM by fredness - formatting
Changed lines 5-8 from:

The American College Health Association (ACHA) has created Guidelines for Pandemic Planning to identify key areas for consideration and action.

School Planning on US pandemicflu.gov

to:

Guidelines for Pandemic Planning American College Health Association (ACHA)

School Planning and checklists on US [[http://www.pandemicflu.gov | Pandemicflu.gov

Added line 16:
November 03, 2006, at 09:07 AM by fredness - added PTA
Changed lines 12-14 from:
to:
  • US National Parent Teacher Association PTA
  • Find Your Local Parent Teacher Association
November 03, 2006, at 08:52 AM by fredness - added school nurse associations
Changed lines 9-12 from:
to:

Associatons

  • US National Association of School Nurses
  • List of US State Associations of School Nurses
November 02, 2006, at 08:30 AM by fredness - added link to discussion
Changed lines 7-10 from:

School Planning on US pandemicflu.gov

to:

School Planning on US pandemicflu.gov

Discuss The Case For Early School Closure here.

November 02, 2006, at 08:27 AM by fredness - added a few things to get started
Added lines 1-7:

Schools

Pandemic Planning, US Dept of Education

The American College Health Association (ACHA) has created Guidelines for Pandemic Planning to identify key areas for consideration and action.

School Planning on US pandemicflu.gov

Page last modified on March 17, 2009, at 11:32 AM by pogge