complete list for 6 months pandemic preparedness per person (amounts may vary for individual situation) (see also equipped.org for emergency survival info) You will want to prepare for being able to stay in one location, but be able to move quickly if forced to (evacuation/quarantine)
Non-perishable Food Items (things you can stockpile now)
As you gather these food items class them as portable and non-portable (i.e. can you easily take them with you, even when walking out?). Also determine which items require water to prep (you may need to save all your water for drinking).
Canned food: Most canned foods require little or no water to prepare, but check the cooking instructions on each item. Also, even though many canned foods these days come with pop-off lids, remember to get a manual can opener (or two, in case one breaks).
- Beans (a good source of protein, especially served with rice). Avoid too many baked beans as they have a lot of sugar and salt.
- Vegetables. Many canned veggies come packed in water. Save the water! You can drink it.
- Soups. Get both “condensed” soups that require water to prepare and “ready to eat” that just require heating (and can be served cold).
- Tuna. Also comes in easier-to-carry mylar bags.
- Meats: deviled ham, corned beef, etc. Also tend to be high in salt. Limit your salt intake if your water supply is limited.
- Fruits. See note on drinkable water at veggies.
Dried foods: These food require water (sometimes a lot of water) to prepare. None the less, drying is an invaluable way to store food over long periods.
- Rice and rice dishes (Rice-a-roni, etc.)
- Soup mixes
- Noodles (often have way too much salt).
- “Trail” foods. Many companies make freeze-dried meals - everything from scrambled eggs to beef stew and more - that require only a little water and heat to prepare. These are a great food resource. Try them before you buy a lot. Some are an acquired taste.
- Pancake/waffle mix complete (get type that only requires water - not milk/eggs). Not really a “dried” food, but part of the “just add water” category.
- Oat meal and Creme-of-wheat
- Flour & yeast for making your own bread if you have, or can jury-rig, a baking oven.
Ready to eat foods:
- Peanut butter
- Cookies and crackers (try to avoid “empty” calories. Not too many cheetos, more saltines or Matzoh).
- Cheese (kinds that don’t require refrigeration).
- Pemmican, beef jerky, etc. Will last a long time, but are often very high in salt.
- Dried fruit. This includes raisins and just about every kind of fruit you can imagine.
- Trail mix (really just a combination of two or more of the above ingredients).
- Chocolate. Not only a comfort food, chocolate is a quick pick-me-up. Might be best to get the “tropical” kind with a high melting point.
Water is number one on this list and for good reason. But canned or boxed juices can be an important addition to lots of fresh water to keep you hydrated. Especially if, in the absence of civil services like trash pick up and snow removal, you are doing a lot more physical work than you are used to.
- Water. Drink at LEAST a quart (32 oz. - four large glasses) or liter every day. Supplement with other liquids.
- Gatorade. Needed to replenish electrolytes whether you’ve been working hard or driving the big white bus (i.e. throwing up while gripping the rim of the toilet like a bus’ steering wheel).
- Coffee instant or beans. If you go for beans, don’t forget the grinder and the non-electric percolator pot.
- Tea bags or tins of loose tea (don’t forget the tea-ball).
- Fruit juices in boxes or cans (remember the church key).
- Soda (probably best to keep this to a minimum).
Compact food supplies:
Various kinds of “power bars” and other compact food sources are available. These are great for your bug-out bag and to keep in the car or boat. Most come in 1200, 2400 and 3600 calorie packs, designed for a 1200 calorie-a-day emergency diet (the 3600 calorie version is for 3 days, or three people for one day). Most are not bad tasting but can get “old” very fast when it’s your only food source. They are usually rated for storage up to five years. Try several brands as each has a different flavor.
Times of stress, ill-health and danger require us to step up and take our lives by the horns more than usual. In such times, we need to be strong and resolute. On the other hand being strong and resolute can be made easier with a nice raspberry-creme truffle close to hand. Comfort foods can give you a (literal) taste of better times when all seems bleakest. Plan to keep some on hand to help you tough it out. Just don’t pack nothing but peanut brittle. (No list here. Comfort food is whatever works best for you. Probably best not bring an entire wedding cake. Just sayin’…)
Remember to include spices and flavor aids. Even the worst food can be made palatable by your favorite spice.
- Salt & pepper (the basics)
- Other spices (cumin, cinnamon, thyme, etc.)
- Tabasco (or other hot sauce)
- Pepper flakes
- Mayonnaise (remember, mayo will spoil if left un-refrigerated after opening. Get little jars or single-serve packets that can be used up quickly.)
Think about how you will need to prepare your meals before disaster strikes.
- Cooking oil
- Olive oil for cooking or as a condiment
- Lard (instead of butter)
Supplies for clear liquid diet Good discussion here
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More About Water: One gallon per person per day will cover both drinking and washing/hygene. Plan on drinking at least 1–2 quarts er day depending on other liquid sources available. The hotter the weather, the more water you will need. Drink at least 2 quarts a day if it is above 90 degrees (F). DO NOT plan to drink nothing but soda or beer.
- Very portable supply - (carried in your car and in your bug-out bag. Water pouches and water boxes are the best. Most are 3–4 ounces so you’ll need around 10–16 per day per person. Check them weekly for leaks and replace as necessary.)
- Portable - (3–5 gallon rigid or collapsible containers) In this case “portable” refers to in a car or boat, or easily moved around the house or shelter.
- Stationary - Larger containers for storage or treatment. Make sure your container is sanitary and very clean. Don’t use just any 50-gallon drum. Especially if you don’t know what was in it before you got it. Many web sites sell large water drums and hand pumps. (A hand pump is easier than dipping out water, and more sanitary.)
- Water purification system (portable and stationary)
- Filter: Can be a stand-alone filter straw, a sport bottle with a filter straw or a hand pump with a filter for processing large amounts. Check the treatable volume for each type and plan to have at least two filters for each system. More (many more) if you plan for very long-term use.
- Chemical: Iodine or other chemical treaters. Check the label. Not all chemicals will kill all the bugs and none will remove chemical contaminants (motor oil, etc.) which may be in open water.
- Look into supply options - Rainwater catchment, manual well pump, treatable pond or stream, etc. Think about getting a solar still.
General first-aid kit
- First aid instruction manual (read and memorize important parts before an emergency strikes).
- EMT, Nurse or trauma shears (for removing clothing, etc.)
- Lister bandage scissors
- Small sharp/sharp scissors
- Suture scissors
- Scalpels (disposable)
- Tweezers (tick and splinter. Try to find the kind with an attached magnifier)
- 8″ forceps
- Kelly clamps, straight and curved.
- Unsterile exam gloves (latex or nitrile)
- Bandaids, wound closure strips (various sizes and kinds. Don’t forget knuckle and finger tips)
- Gauze rolls, various widths
- Sterile 4×4 gauze dressings, self-sticking and non-stick
- Medical tape
- Cotton balls
- Magnifying glass
- Thread and needles. Thread one needle before-hand in case you need it right away. Also look into pre-swaged sutures. 3–0 and 5–0 nylon are good for general external wound closure.
- Rubbing alcohol (or alcohol wipes)
- Poison ivy cleaning wipes
- Hydrogen peroxide
- SAM Splint
- Elastic (ACE-type) bandage, 2″ and 4″
- Burn kit (creme, burn bandages)
- Instant ice packs
- Dental kit
- Triangular bandages and safety pins
- Quick clot or other clotting agent
- Irrigation fluid (sterile water or saline) and 20cc irrigation syringe
- Pen light
- CPR mask
- Disposable thermometers
- Blood pressure cuff (learn how to take an accurate BP reading before you need to use it in an emergency. Your doctor or local first aid squad can show you how).
- Wrist watch with second hand (for counting pulse and respirations)
Basic OTC drugs for your first aid kit:
- Pepto-Bismol (or similar)
- Benadryl tablets
- Benadryl spray (or calamine, witch hazel, etc.)
- Hydrocortisone creme (1%)
ALSO keep a 2-week supply (or more) of your personal and family prescription drugs in your First Aid Kit or bug-out bag. This may require some finagling to acquire since the insurance companies have a virtual lock-down on the drug supply. Your pharmacy may simply refuse to give you more than a current 30-day supply no matter what the scrip from your doctor says. In any case, if you can get them, rotate out your drugs on a regular basis so they don’t go out of date.
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Health and Hygiene
- toilet paper (lots!)
- feminine hygiene products
- dental floss
- disinfectants (flu germs survive on surfaces up to 48 hours or more)
- camping toilet
Infection Control and Isolation
- Infection control
- Respirator masks with antimicrobial agent which protects the filtration media from microbial deterioration.
- Disposable caps
- Disposable isolation gowns (full length, full sleve)
- Gloves (nitrile, if anyone has latex allergies)
- Disposable booties
- Spray bottles for bleach and/or disinfectant solution
- Liquid-proof bedcovering
- Liquid-proof pillowcoverings
- Hand washing solution (alcohol gel or medical handwash)
- Hand creme
- Waste bags (Preferably sealable - for contaminated disposables)
- Sealable laundry containers
- Containers for disinfection (washbasins, 5-gal drums, etc.)
- Body bag (hopefully forever unused)
- Isolation (see section on sick room layout)
- Plastic sheeting
- Moulding and nails/screws to put up plastic sheeting for area isolation
- Vent fan for negative air flow
- Ducting to route contaminated air to someplace safe
- Alternately: airfiltering system
Supplies per sick person (Woodson):
- Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) Supplies
- Table Salt (1lb)
- Table Sugar (10lb)
- Baking Soda (6oz)
- Household bleach (1gal)
- Tums Ex (500 tablets)
- Acetaminophen (100 tablets)
- Ibuprofen (100 tablets)
- Benadryl(60 tablets)
- Green tea (1lb)
- Tamiflu: 2 packets
- antibiotics (good discussion from the forum - See: Antibiotics-08 March 2006, JV – at 22:06)
- vitamin D
- Blood Pressure monitor (automated may be easier to use, but consider batteries)
- Measuring cup (500cc/2cup - for measuring urine)
- Notebook (per patient - for recording vital signs and medical assesments)
- Timer with alarm (time between patient checkups)
- Supply of existing prescriptions for each person
- is your will in order? (in case of the worst)
- cash (include coins and small bills)
- calling card (2 from different companies)
- emergency savings to take care of bills if not at work
- online bank-account or credit card
Utilities and Supplies
- electricity, generator
- gas-stove for cooking
- solar-powered batteries
- rechargeable batteries
- solar-powered battery recharger
- cooking stove
- cell phone
- hand-crank cell charger
- hand-crank/solar radio (preferably with shortwave)
General survival kit
- basic survival instruction manual
- sewing kit
- cord (preferably mil-spec parachute cord)
- wire (for snares)
- fishing kit (minimum of hooks and sinkers)
- Duct or gaffers tape
- mylar emergency blanket
- high-quality knife
- portable knife sharpener
- Waterproof matches
- Firestarters (flint and steel set, windproof lighter)
- Tinder (cottonballs in vaselene or commercial tinder)
- small food/energy rations
- Multi-tool (Leatherman, Gerber, SOG, etc.)
- Portable shovels (entrenchment tool, snow shovel)
- Compass and regional maps
- water treatment tablets
- baby bottle liner (or larger) water bag
- signal mirror
- magnifying glass/fresnel lens
- Cord or hand chain saw
- Firearm and ammunition
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Books and printouts:
- Where there is no Doctor - Werner
- Preparing for the Coming Influenza Pandemic - Woodson
- Nursing Procedures Made Incredible Easy - Springhouse
- Survival and Austere Medicine - Third World Medicine Discussion group
- Merck Manual of Medical Information
- Food and Farming
- Edible Wild Plants - Peterson field guide
- Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine - Murray
- How to Grow More Vegetables - Jeavons
- Four Season Harvest - Coleman
- Prudent Food Storage FAQ - Hagan
- Survival - A Manual that could save your life - Janowsky
- SAS Survival Handbook - Wiseman
- Participating in Nature - Elpel
- Build the Perfect Survival Kit - McCann
(just some suggestions - please add/delete/edit)
More items can be found (and added to this list) from the threads titled Preps You Might Forget