Thailand (Map)

Pandemic Plan History Sources Science News

Thailand’s Pandemic Preparedness Plan

  • National Strategic Plan
    for Avian Influenza Control and Influenza Pandemic Preparedness in Thailand, 2005–2007
    → executive summary → pdf (english)

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History (Map of Provinces)

2004

The first person reported to contract H5N1 influenza in Thailand was a 6 year old boy from Suphanburi province. He first became ill on January 3 2004. H5N1 infection was confirmed. He died on February 3. A 6 year old boy from Kanchanaburi province first became ill on January 6 2004. He died on January 25. Another 6 year old boy, from Sukhothai province was reported ill with H5N1 influenza on January 26 2004. This boy died on January 27. A 58 year old woman became ill on January 19 2004 and died on January 27. H5N1 infection was confirmed. A 6 year old boy from Kanchanaburi province became ill on January 24 2004 and died on February 2. A 4 year old boy from Khon Kaen province died of H5N1 infection on February 3 2004. A 13 year old boy from Chaiyaphum province was reported to be infected with H5N1 on February 12 2004. He died on February 13. A 2 year old boy and a 27 year old woman, both from Uttaradit province were reported infected with H5N1. Both recovered in February. A 47 year-old woman from Lopburi province became ill on February 5 2004 but recovered by February 25. A 29 year old man from Nakhon Ratchasima province became ill on February 13 2004, but recovered by March 7. A 39 year old woman from Ayudhaya province became ill on March 1 2005. She died on March 12. An 18 year old man from Prachinburi province died of H5N1 influenza on September 8 2004.

A family cluster of H5N1 and severe respiratory illness was observed in September 2004 in Kamphaeng Phet province. A 11 year old girl from Kamphaeng Phet province died of pneumonia on September 8 2004. She was not tested for H5N1 infection, but was considered to be a probable H5N1 fatality. Her 26 year old mother lived in Bangkok but visited her daughter to take of her while she was ill. The mother died on September 20. H5N1 infection was confirmed. The girl lived with her 32 year old Aunt. The Aunt also became infected with H5N1. The Aunt’s son became ill with a respiratory infection. This cluster is considered one of the most convincing cases of human-to-human transmission of H5N1 because the mother lived in an area which had no infected birds, Bangkok, and was exposed to H5N1 by her daughter (who did have exposure to sick chickens).

A 9 year old girl from Phetchabun province became ill on September 23 2004. She died of H5N1 influenza on October 3. A 14 year old girl from Sukhothai province became ill on October 8 2004. She died on October 19.

2005

A gap of nearly year occured in reported cases in Thailand.

A new family cluster in Thailand was observed in October 2005. A 48-year old man from Kanchanaburi province became ill on October 13 2005 and died on October 19. His 7 year old son became ill on October 16, but recovered. H5N1 infection was confirmed in both cases.

A 50-year-old woman from Bangkok became ill on October 26. She has recovered. H5N1 infection was confirmed. A 1.5 year old boy from Bangkok became ill on November 5 2005. He recovered. H5N1 infection was confirmed. A 5 year old boy from Nakhonnayok province became ill on November 25 2005. He died on December 7. H5N1 infection was confirmed.

H5N1 fatality table for Thailand

Maps of animal outbreaks of H5N1 Sept 1-15 2005 and Oct 15 2005.

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Sources of Information

  • Thai Department of Disease Control Avian Influenza (thai, english)
    • National Strategic Plan for Avian Influenza Control and Influenza Pandemic Preparedness in Thailand, 2005–2007 executive summary pdf (english)

  • OIE daily updates on highly pathogenic avian influenza in animals in Asia
    • Highly pathogenic avian influenza in Thailand
      Follow-up report No. 66 Sep 2 2005
    • Map of checkpoints between poultry zones in Thailand
      For effective movement control and farming management, all 76 provinces of Thailand have been grouped into five poultry zones. This map shows the checkpoints between the five poultry zones in Thailand. OIE (Sep 1 2005)

  • WHO Disease updates - Influenza
    • 20 Oct 2005
    • 23 Jan 26 Jan 27 Jan 2 Feb 4 Feb 5 Feb 13 Feb 18 Feb 20 Feb 27 Feb 9 Mar 17 Mar 9 Sep 28 Sep 4 Oct 24 Oct 2004

  • FAO: Socio-economic Impact Assessment of Selected Control Strategies for Influenza in Viet Nam and Thailand
    Bangkok. 29 June 2005 → pdf

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National Influenza Center

  • Dr Mrs. Pranee Thawatsupha
    National Institute of Health (NIH)
    Department of Medical Sciences
    Ministry of Public Health
    Tivanon Road
    Nonthaburi 11000
    Thailand
    T: +66 (2) 951 0000 ext. 99212
    F: +66 (2) 591 5449
    e-mail:

  • WHO Collaborating Center
    Dr Kumnuan Ungchusak
    Bureau of Epidemiology
    Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health
    T: + 66 (2) 590 1776
    F: + 66 (2) 590 1784
    e-mail:

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Scientific Publications

  • Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1, Thailand, 2004
    Tiensin et al, Emerging Infectious Diseases, 2005
  • Genetic characterization of H5N1 influenza A viruses isolated from zoo tigers in Thailand
    Amonsin, et al, Virology, 2005
  • Probable Tiger-to-Tiger Transmission of Avian Influenza H5N1
    Thanawongnuwech R et al. Emerging Infectious Diseases, May 2005 → full text → pdf
  • Probable Person-to-Person Transmission of Avian Influenza A (H5N1)
    Ungchusak et al. New England Journal of Medicine 352:333–340. 27 January 2005 → abstract → full text → pdf
  • Avian Influenza H5N1 in Tigers and Leopards
    Keawcharoen J et al. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Dec 2004 → full text → pdf

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News

News from Thailand

  • Pandemic Risk: Bird flu at ‘a tipping point’
    The Nation, Bangkok. September 4 2005 (english)

  • Thai villagers join bird flu rapid reaction force
    Guardian (UK). September 3 2005

  • Interview: Thai Poultry Industry Recovering, But Only Slowly
    Yahoo News. August 19 2005

Page last modified on January 29, 2006, at 10:30 PM by Monotreme